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DIVYA DESAMs - 91/108 - Thiruvaikundam
Name of the Divya Desam : Sri Vaikundanadha Perumal temple
Location : Thiruvaikundam, Thoothukudi Dist
Moolavar (Presiding Deity) : Sri Vaikundanadha Perumal
Thayaar (Consort) : Vaikundavalli Thayar, Bhoodevi Thayar
Thirukkolam (Posture) : Nindra (Standing)
Thirumugam (Facing) : East
Mangalasasanam (Hymns sung by) :
Nammazhwar
Sthalapurana (Brief History) :
As per the legend, Somuka, a demon, defeated Brahma and stole the four Vedas from him. Brahma was helpless and he did severe penance in the banks of Tamiraparani river seeking favour from Lord Vishnu in the form of Vaikuntanathan. Pleased by the penance, Vishnu appeared before Brahma and promised to retrieve the Vedas. He killed the demon Somuka and restored the Vedas to Brahma. He also wished to set his abode at Srivaikuntam and resided here as Sri Vaikuntanathar.
As per another legend, the moorthi of Sri Vaikunathar, after several ages, had no patrons and was left submerged under the earth. * A cow from a herd of the king, which used to graze at the place, did ablution at the place with its udder, where Vaikuntanatha lay buried. * The king was displeased to see that a particular cow alone was not yielding milk and thought it might have been the trick of the herdsman. He deployed his men to monitor the cow, who reported the events to the king. The king realised that the cow would lead him to divinity and he dug up the region around the place. He reinstated the moorthi of Vaikuntanathar and expanded the temple. Since Vaikuntanathar was revealed by the cow, the presiding deity got the name Pal Pandian (pal in Tamil indicates milk).
Kaladushana was a head of robbers in the region, but also was a staunch devotee of Sri Vaikuntanathar. He stole from the rich and distributed the wealth to the poor people in the region. The ruling Pandya king wanted to arrest him, but his attempts were futile. During one of the encounters, He could arrest everyone except Kaladushana. Kaladushana prayed to Srivaikuntanathar to save him and his troop from the king. Vaikuntanathar appeared as Kaladushana and surrendered before the king. Later, He appeared in the dreams of the king to narrate the events and also informed him that He wanted the king and the people to learn that large accumulation of ill-gotten wealth would be stolen and would reach the right hands.The king was enlightened and he released Kaladushana and his troop. Since Vaikuntanathar appeared for thieves (called kalla in Tamil), he came to be known as Kallapiran.
About the temple:
The temple is one of the Navagraha Navatirupathi temples in Vaishnavism, associated with Surya, the Sun god.
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DIVYA DESAMs - 92/108 - Thiruvaragunamangai
Name of the Divya Desam : Sri Vijayasana Perumal temple
Location : Naththam, Thoothukudi Dist
Moolavar (Presiding Deity) : Sri Vijayasana Perumal
Thayaar (Consort) : Varagunamangai Thayar
Thirukkolam (Posture) : Veetrirundha (Sitting)
Thirumugam (Facing) : East
Mangalasasanam (Hymns sung by) :
Nammazhwar
Sthalapurana (Brief History) :
As per legend a Brahmin named Vedvith who lived in this place, was a great devotee of Lord Vishnu and had maintained great respect towards his parents and elders. He did penance to attain moksha here, the Lord was pleased by his devotion and Vedvith was blessed and attained salvation in this holy land. Since the Lord bestows all the devotees with boons (Varam in Tamil), this place is known as ThiruVaragunamangai.
About the temple:
As per legend Sage Romesa Munivar explained his Sishya (student) Sathyavaan, the greatness of this temple and * the temple tank - Agni Theertham. It is believed that the holy water of this temple tank will relieve one from all the sins. *
The temple is one of the Navagraha Navatirupathi temples in Vaishnavism, associated with Chandran (Moon). It is also known as the ‘Chandra Kshetram‘.
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DIVYA DESAMs - 93/108 - Thirupuliyangudi
Name of the Divya Desam : Sri Kaisina Vendha Perumal temple
Location : Puliyangudi, Thoothukudi Dist
Moolavar (Presiding Deity) : Sri Bhoomipalaka Perumal
Thayaar (Consort) : Malamagal Nachiyar
Thirukkolam (Posture) : Sayanam (Reclining)
Thirumugam (Facing) : East
Mangalasasanam (Hymns sung by) :
Nammazhwar
Sthalapurana (Brief History) :
As per legend once Lord Vishnu accompanied Goddess Lakshmi to the banks of Tamiraparani river. On seeing this, Lord Vishnu's another consort Bhooma Devi thought that Lord had ignored her and she went to the 'Pathala Lokam". Due to which, Earth became dry and dark. The Devas worshipped the Lord to restore normalcy on the earth.
Maha Vishnu and Lakshmi Devi went to Pathala Lokam, consoled Bhooma Devi, assured her that she and Lakshmi Devi are both equal to Him and came back to this place alongwith them. Earth was thus protected and the Lord came to be known as ‘Bhoomi Palakar‘. Lord Indra is said to have been relieved from Brahma hatya dosham at this sthalam.
About the temple:
The temple is one of the Navagraha Navatirupathi temples of Vaishnavism, associated with Budha (Mercury).
* To see the thirupaadam (Holy feet) of the Lord, we have to see through a small window in the outer prakaaram. *
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DIVYA DESAMs - 94/108 - Thirutholaivillimangalam
Name of the Divya Desam : Sri Srinivasa (Devapiran) Perumal temple
Location : Irattai Tirupathi, Thoothukudi Dist
Moolavar (Presiding Deity) : Sri Srinivasa (Devapiran) Perumal / Sri Aravindhalochana Perumal
Thayaar (Consort) : Ubhanaachiyaar(s) / Karuthadankanni Nachiyar
Thirukkolam (Posture) : Nindra (Standing) / Veetrirundha (Sitting)
Thirumugam (Facing) : East
Mangalasasanam (Hymns sung by) :
Nammazhwar
Sthalapurana (Brief History) :
As per legend, a man and a woman who had been cursed by Kuberan to assume the forms of a measuring scale (Tholai) and a bow (Villi), were relieved of their curse by sage Athreya Suprabhar here, hence the name Tholaivillimangalam.
About the temple:
There are two temples considered as one Divya desam, within a distance of 100 mtrs from each other. These are otherwise called as Rettai Tirupathi. These two temples represents the Rahu and Kethu sthalams of the Navagraha among Nava Tirupathis.
Devapiran Temple represents Rahu sthalam. The presiding deity Lord Vishnu known as Devapiran Perumal is believed to have appeared to slay the demon Somuka who abducted the four Vedas.
Aravindalochanar temple represents Kethu sthalam. The presiding deity Lord Vishnu known as Aravindalochana Perumal got impressed and gave dharshan to Sage Subrabhar who did Lotus pooja every day on the banks of Tamaraparani river.
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DIVYA DESAMs - 95/108 - ThiruKuzhandhai
Name of the Divya Desam : Sri Mayakoothan Perumal temple
Location : Perunkulam, Thoothukudi Dist
Moolavar (Presiding Deity) : Sri Srinivasa Perumal
Thayaar (Consort) : Alamelumangai Thayar / Kamalavalli Thayar
Thirukkolam (Posture) : Nindra (Standing)
Thirumugam (Facing) : East
Mangalasasanam (Hymns sung by) : Nammazhwar
Sthalapurana (Brief History) :
As per legend Lord Vishnu's devotee Vedhacharan and his wife Kumudavalli were childless. They bathed in the river here and undertook penance. Pleased with their prayers, Lord Vishnu blessed them with a daughter.
The daughter, Kamalavalli, turned out to be no ordinary girl. She desired to marry the Lord himself and to this end, she relentlessly pursued the Lord offering daily prayers. Moved by her sincerity, the Lord appeared before her and asked for her wishes. Delighted at having the darshan of the Lord, she said that her mind had not changed and HE was the one that she wanted. Granting her wishes, He accepted her and took her in His chest. Hence this place is also known as Balikai vanam.
Another legend says that Lord Vishnu came on his Garuda Vaahanam to defeat Asura Asmachaaran. Having defeated the asura, Lord Vishnu is said to have performed His victory dance standing on the asura’s body. The Devas who watched this wanted the Lord to provide darshan here as ‘Maaya’ ‘Koothan’ (Dancer).
About the temple:
The temple represents the Shani (Saturn) sthalam of the Navagraha among Nava Tirupathis. Since this temple has a big lake, this holy place is also popularly called as ‘Perunkulam‘ in Tamil for "big lake".
Lord is seen alongside Sree Devi, Bhoo Devi and Neela Devi at this temple with Kamalavalli in His chest.
* Since Garudar (Lord's vahanam) was instrumental in bringing the Lord to this place, he was accorded a special status at this temple and is seen as a Utsavar - a rare feature. *
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DIVYA DESAMs - 96/108 - Thirukolur
Name of the Divya Desam : Sri Vaithamanidhi Perumal
Location : Thirukolur, Thoothukudi Dist
Moolavar (Presiding Deity) : Sri Vaithamanidhi Perumal
Thayaar (Consort) : Kumudavalli Thayar
Thirukkolam (Posture) : Sayanam (Reclining)
Thirumugam (Facing) : East
Mangalasasanam (Hymns sung by) :
Nammazhwar
Sthalapurana (Brief History) :
As per legend Kubera, the lord of wealth lost his prominence due to the curse of Lord Shiva for Kubera's evil glance on goddess Parvathi. When he repented for his sin and sought forgiveness from Shiva and Parvathi, they advised him to do penance at Thirukolur. After his penance at Thirukolur, Sri Vaithamanithi Perumal (Lord Vishnu, presiding deity in this temple) blessed him with his original position with all the wealth.
About the temple:
Sri Vaithamanithi Perumal is in reclining pose with the wooden measurement tool (Marakkal) as his pillow to measure the wealth and looking at the palm of his left hand to watch over location of the wealth. It is believed that people who pray here are blessed with all kinds of wealth.
Madhurakavi Azhwar was born here and later became the sishya (disciple) of Nammazhwar. Madhurakavi Azhwar is known as the 'Gnana Nidhi'.
This Nava Tirupathi temple is for Mars (Mangal/Sevvai) and is also known as Kuberasthalam.
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DIVYA DESAMs - 97/108 - Thiruperai
Name of the Divya Desam : Sri Magara Nedunkuzhaikkaathan Perumal
Location : Thenthiruperai, Thoothukudi Dist
Moolavar (Presiding Deity) : Sri Magara Nedunkuzhaikkaathan Perumal
Thayaar (Consort) : Kuzhaikkaathavalli Thayar
Thirukkolam (Posture) : Veetrirundha (Sitting)
Thirumugam (Facing) : East
Mangalasasanam (Hymns sung by) :
Nammazhwar
Sthalapurana (Brief History) :
As per legend Goddess Bhoodevi did penance here by chanting the Ashtakshara Mantra — "Om Namo Narayanaya", taught to her by Sage Durvasa, to come out of her curse. She found two fish shaped ear rings in Tamaraparani river nearby and offered it to Lord Vishnu. Hence Lord Vishnu, the main deity in this temple came to be known as Makara Nedunkuzhai Kaadhan. Since Bhoodevi had taken the form and colour of Sridevi (as a result of the curse), this place came to be known as SriPerai/ThiruPerai.
About the temple:
Lord Vishnu blesses with enough rain to all devotees who pray for rain at this temple.
It is believed that Lord Varuna (God of Rains ) performed penance on Perumal here to cleanse himself of his disrespectful behaviour against Jupiter-Guru, got relieved out of his curse.
The uniqueness about this temple is that Garudan (divine vehicle of Lord Vishnu) is on the front left instead of straight in front of the main deity (as in most of the temples). This is because the Lord wanted to see the children playing and singing, hence this arrangement.
This temple represents the Sukra (Venus) sthalam of the Navagraha among Nava Tirupathis.
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DIVYA DESAMs - 98/108 - Thirukurugoor
Name of the Divya Desam : Sri Adhinathan Perumal temple
Location : Azhwar Thirunagari, Thoothukudi Dist
Moolavar (Presiding Deity) : Sri Adhinathan Perumal/ Sri Aadhipiraan
Thayaar (Consort) : Adhinathavalli Thayar
Thirukkolam (Posture) : Nindra (Standing)
Thirumugam (Facing) : East
Mangalasasanam (Hymns sung by) :
Nammazhwar
Sthalapurana (Brief History) :
As per legend Lord Brahma received mantropadesam (mantra teaching) from Lord Vishnu in appreciation of his tapasya (penance). Since the Lord became Guru (Kuru), the place is called Thirukkurugoor.
As per another legend related to Ramayana and subsequently to Nammazhwar, three days before the cessation of Ramavataram, Lord Yama (God of Death) came to see Lord Rama, who instructed his brother Lakshmana not to allow anybody thereafter.
Sage Dhurvaasa came desiring to see Lord Rama before the completion of incarnation and Lakshmana, afraid of incurring his wrath and curse, did not stop him. But this displeased Rama who cursed his brother to become a tree, as he did not respect his order.
Lakshmana cried and asked pardon that he could not live without him. Rama then said that he himself had to be like a statue for 16 years, for committing the sin of sending Sita to the forest and that he would sit in the hole of the tree at that time. Lakshmana would become a tamarind tree at the Varaha Kshetram.
As said by the Lord, Sage Kashyapa and his wife, born as Kaari and Utaya Nangai came to Kurukoor praying for a child. The Lord was born as Maran (Nammazhwar) to them and as a baby he crawled to the hole in the tamarind tree and sat motionless for 16 years.
* Lakshmana, the incarnation of Adisesha stands as the tamarind tree in this holy temple. * So the place is appropriately called Sesha Kshetram.
About the temple:
The presiding deity Lord Aadhipiraan is swayambu (self manifested) and the Lord's feet are covered under the ground. The temple represents the Guru (Jupiter) sthalam of the Navagraha among Nava Tirupathis.
* Since Lord Vishnu is believed to have incarnated as Nammazhwar, this holy place is called as Alwarthirunagari. * Nammazhwar has rendered in tamil, Thiruvaaymoli - considered to be the essence of Vedas. He had not visited any Divyadesam and remaining in the Tamarind tree-hole, he sang on all the deities in the different Divyadesams.
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DIVYA DESAMs - 99/108 - Thiruvilliputhur
Name of the Divya Desam : Sri Villiputhur Vadapathrasayi and Andal temple
Location : Srivilliputhur, Virudhunagar Dist
Moolavar (Presiding Deity) : Sri Vadapathrasayi / Sri Rangamannar
Thayaar (Consort) : Sri Andal / Kothai Nachiyar
Thirukkolam (Posture) : Sayanam (Reclining)
Thirumugam (Facing) : East
Mangalasasanam (Hymns sung by) :
Periyazhwar, Andal
Sthalapurana (Brief History) :
As per legend Bhagavan Sriman Narayana during His Varaha Avataram slayed an asura called Kalinemi in the forest and relieved sages Bhrgu and Markandeya. The Lord is believed to have taken abode in the forest along with his consorts Sri Mahalakshmi and Sri Bhooma Devi. Since He was reclining on Adisesha, His serpent bed, on the leaf of a banyan tree otherwise known as Vatapathram, the Lord here is known as Sri Vatapathrasayi Perumal.
This forest is small part of a large kingdom ruled by a queen Malli whose sons Villi and Puttan were hunters and used to hunt animals in the forest. Once when they went for hunting, the younger brother Puttan was killed by a tiger. Unknown of his death, Villi searched for him everywhere. As he could not find his brother, out of tiredness he slept in the forest. Lord appeared in his dream and revealed, the fate of Puttan. He also told the king in the dream about His avatar for killing asura Kalinemi and directed him to build a temple where He (the Lord) rested.
Villi woke up to find his brother Puttan also alive and narrated his dream to Puttan. He then built a small town and a temple by installing the moorthy of the Lord.
As per another legend Periazhwar (originally called Vishnuchittar) was an ardent devotee of Lord Vishnu and he used to string garland to the Lord every day. He was childless and he prayed to Vishnu to save him from the longing. One day, he found a girl child under a Tulsi plant in a garden inside the temple. He and his wife named the child as Kothai, who grew up as a devotee of Lord Vishnu. She is believed to have worn the garland before dedicating it to the presiding deity of the temple. Periazhwar, who later found it, was highly upset and remonstrated her. Lord Vishnu appeared in his dream and asked him to dedicate only the garland worn by Kothai to Him. * Thus Kothai was named Andal (the girl who “ruled” over the Lord) and was also referred as Chudikodutha Sudarkodi (the bright creeper-like woman who gave her garlands after wearing them to the Lord) *
The practise is followed during modern times when the garland of Sri Andal is sent to Azhagar Koyil on Garudostavam during the Tamil month of Puratasi (September - October) and Tirumala Venkateswara Temple during Chitra Pournami. It is also believed that Sri Ranganathar of Srirangam Ranganathaswamy temple married Andal, who later merged with the Lord. Since Andal married Sri Ranganatha, who came as a king (called Raja), the presiding deity is called Sri Rangamannar.
About the temple:
The Srivilliputtur divya desam has the unique distinction among all other divya desams of being the birthplace of two azhwars among the twelve azhwars - Sri Periyazhwar and Sri Andal (incarnation of Sri Bhoomadevi)
Srivilliputhur finds mention in the Brahmakaivatsapuranam and the Varaha puranam. The Varaha puranam foretells the existence of Srivilliputhur and the consequent visit of Bhagavan during the Varaha avataram. The Brahmakaivatsa puranam mentions the location of Vatapathrasayi temple in Srivilliputhur.
As a forest full of snake mounds was converted into a town and temple was built by Villi, this place is came to be known as Villiputhur. Later with the advent of Sri Andal it got the name Srivilliputhur.
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DIVYA DESAMs - 100/108 - Thiruthankal
Name of the Divya Desam : Sri Nindra Narayana Perumal temple
Location : Thiruthankal, Virudhunagar Dist
Moolavar (Presiding Deity) : Sri Nindra Narayana Perumal
Thayaar (Consort) : Shenkamalathayar
Thirukkolam (Posture) : Nindra (Standing)
Thirumugam (Facing) : East
Mangalasasanam (Hymns sung by) :
Thirumangai Azhwar, Boothathazhwar
* Sthalapurana (Brief History) :*
As per legend, there was a competition among the consorts of Lord Vishnu - Sridevi, Bhoodevi and Neeladevi on the degree of their devotion to Sri Vishnu. Sridevi descended down to earth, sat in deep devotion. Influenced by her power of worship, all sages started worshipping her at the place. Hence this place is also known as 'Sripuram'.
Realising that living alone would be improper, she created a theertha (water body) and propitiated Lord Vishnu. Pleased by her devotion, Sri Vishnu appeared at this holy place. Bhudevi and Neeladevi followed her footsteps and acceded that Sridevi was the most devoted among them. Lord Vishnu desired and stayed (thangal in Tamil) along with His consorts here.
As per another legend Srirangam Sri Ranganathar was pleased by the devotion of Andal. He started a journey to Srivilliputhur Divya Desam to seek her hand for marriage. While reaching the place, it became dark and He decided to spend the night in the place. Since He stayed at this place, it came to be known as Thiruthangal and the hillock came to be known as Thalagiri.
Another legend says, Bhagwan Sri Krishna's grandson Anirudhan got married at this place to Baanaasuran’s daughter Ushai. It is believed that Lord Sri Vasudevan came down to attend this wedding.
About the temple:
A unique feature of this Divya Desam is that inside the sanctum there are 11 murthis. They are Sri Narayanan, Sridevi, Neeladevi, Bhoomadevi, Brigu Rishi, Markandeya Rishi, Sri Garudan, Arunan (Suryan’s Charioteer), Anirudhan, Ushai and Jambavathi (only temple to have a murthi of Jambavathi).
Another unique feature of this temple is that Shenkamalathayar is seen in standing posture facing East. In all the other temples she is seen in sitting posture.
Yet another unique feature at this Divya Desam is that Sri Garudan is found with serpent in his left hand and Amudha kalash (Nectar pot) in his right hand. Another set of two hands are in folded position, hence Sri Garudan is seen with four hands.